Below you will find some examples of words that are used in the school environment, both on this website, in the school and in other educational establishments with an explanation of what they mean. We hope you will find this guide helpful!
Achievement - Describes both attainment i.e. the level achieved and the progress you have made from a starting point. AfL - Assessment for Learning – is the process of seeking and interpreting evidence for use by learners and their teachers to decide where the learners are in their learning, where they need to go and how best to get there. ASD - Autism Spectrum Disorder Attainment - The actual result attained by the pupil. Attainment Targets A general defined level of ability that a pupil is expected to achieve at each key stage in the National Curriculum.
Blending To draw individual sounds together to pronounce a word, e.g. f-l-a-p, blended together, reads flap. Core Subjects - English, maths and science: all pupils must study these subjects up to Key Stage 4. CPD - Continuing Professional Development Creative Curriculum - There are numerous interpretations of the concept of ‘the creative curriculum’. In some schools it means topics or themes, in others it means asking children what they want to learn. DBS - Disclosure & Barring Service – refers to the new agency created out of a merger between the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) and The Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA), its full title is The Disclosure and Barring Service. The checks and information provided will remain the same but will be branded DBS Checks. DfE - Department for Education Differentiation - A wide variety of teaching techniques and lesson adaptations that teachers use to pupils of differing abilities in the same class. EAL - English as an additional language EBD - Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties EHC Plan - Educational Health Care Plan – An education, health and care plan is a document that says what support a child or young person who has special needs should have. EWO - Education Welfare Officer EYFS - Early Years Foundation Stage – A framework of care and Education for children from birth to five years of age. This stage typically means Nursery/Preschool and Reception Classes. FSM - Free School Meals FLO - Family Liaison Officer
FTE - Full Time Equivalent HLTA - Higher Level Teaching Assistant HMI - Her Majesty’s Inspector of Schools ICT - Information and Communication Technology IEP - Individual Education Plan for SEN pupils Inclusion - Removing barriers to learning so all pupils can participate at their own level. INSET - In-Service Education and Training – Training for staff which takes place during the school year. ISA - Independent Safeguarding Authority ITT - Initial Teacher Training IWB - Interactive Whiteboard Key Stage One Age 5-7 (Years 1 and 2) Key Stage Two Age 7-11 (Years 3, 4, 5 and 6) LA - Local Authority LAA - Local Area Agreement LAC - Looked After Children MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulties NAHT - National Association of Head Teachers NASUWT - National Association of Schoolmasters/Union of Women Teachers NGA - National Governors’ Association NLE - National Leader of Education NPQH - National Professional Qualification for Headship NQT - Newly Qualified Teacher NUT National Union of Teachers Ofsted - Office for Standards in Education PE - Physical Education Performance Table - Published by the DfE to compare school results. Phonics - Phonics refers to the method for teaching speakers of English to read and write their language. It involves connecting the sounds of spoken English with letters or groups of letters (e.g that the sound /k/ can be represented by c, k, ck or ch spellings) and teaching them to blend the sounds of letters together to produce approximate pronunciations of unknown words. In this way, phonics enables people to use individual sounds to construct words. For example, when taught the sounds for the letters t, p, a and s, one can build up the words “tap”, “pat”, “pats”, “taps” and “sat.” PPA - Planning, Preparation and Assessment time to which teachers are entitled. Progression - Pupils develop academically and personally from year to year and from one key stage to the next in a way which builds on what has already been achieved. PRU - Pupil Referral Unit PSHE - Personal Social Health and Economic education PTA - Parent Teacher Association. QTS - Qualified Teacher Status RE - Religious Education SACREs - Standing Advisory Council for Religious Education SATs - Standard Attainment Tests/Tasks – National Curriculum Tests and Tasks which take place at the end of Key Stage 1 and at the end of Key Stage 2. SCR Single Central Record – Schools must hold a single central record of all adults working with pupils. The records hold security and ID checks among other specific information. SENCO - Special Educational Needs Coordinator SIP - School Improvement Plan SLE - Specialist Leader of Education SLT - Senior Leadership Team SMSC - Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural (development) TA - Teaching Assistant Transition - The movement of pupils from Key Stage to Key Stage or school to school and the procedures associated with it. VCOP - Vocabulary, connectives, openers and punctuation pupils are expected to use in their writing.